Category Archives: 19th Century Paintings

Paul Cézanne (1839-1906)


Paul Cézanne who was often called the father of modern art, strove to develop an ideal synthesis of naturalistic representation, personal expression, and abstract pictorial order. Among the artists of his time Cézanne perhaps had the most profound effect on art 20th century. He was greatest single influence both French artist Henri Matissewho admired use color and Spanish Pablo Picasso developeds planar compositional structure into cubist style.

Uncle Dominique The Lawyer (1866)

The Abandoned House (1879)

Les Grandes Baigneuses (1905)

Paul Cézanne in front of his painting.

His father, Philippe Auguste, was the cofounder of a banking firm that prospered throughout the artist’s life, affording him financial security that was unavailable to most of his contemporaries and eventually resulting in a large inheritance. In 1852 Paul Cézanne entered the Collège Bourbon, where he met and became friends with Émile Zola. This friendship was decisive for both men: with youthful romanticism they envisioned successful careers in the Paris art world, Cézanne as a painter and Zola as a writer. Consequently, Cézanne began to study painting and drawing at the École des Beaux-Arts in Aix in 1856. His father opposed the pursuit of an artistic career, and in 1858 he persuaded Cézanne to enter law school at the University of Aix. Although Cézanne continued his law studies for several years, he was simultaneously enrolled in the School of Design in Aix, where he remained until 1861. Read more